1930-1939

 
Our poets publishing the 1930's decade are Alice B Johnson of MinnesotaBelle B Leboeuf of Illinois, Elsie DeWitt Johns of Pennsylvania, Marcia A Taylor of Maine, Ethel Veva King and her sister Cora King Swain of  Illinois, Eva Willes Wangsgaard of Utah, Gertie Stewart Phillips of  West Virginia and Millie Ruth Turner of Pennsylvania.
  
 


Overview of the decade:

The decade of the 1930's was characterized by the trial and oppressive weight of the Great Depression, which followed the crash of the NYC stock market in October of 1929. Unemployment and hunger were widespread, and the dust bowl disaster worsened these across the plain states. Yet, even under these difficult circumstances, cultural aspects of life continued to flourish and evolve, and politics took a major left turn.

President's of the 1930's
 

Herbert Hoover 1930-1933

  

Franklin D. Roosevelt 1933-1939

Bread lines during the Great Depression 1930's
There was very little work to be had during the 1930's. Those lucky enough to have a job worked for less than before the crash and foreclosures and homelessness were commonplace. Many people subsisted on home farming and temporary or odd jobs to get them and their families through. The hardships of the decade prompted President Roosevelt and his party to champion massive social programs that would transform the relationship of the American people with their federal government.

Still, the movies, now with sound and, later, color, were more popular than ever, made affordable for struggling families by ticket price decreases, and the golden age of the silver screen featured some of the best movies ever made on movie screens across the country. The radio flourished, and everyone had their favorite programs to listen to, as people today watch  their favorite television series'. The Star Spangled Banner became the

Gone with the Wind 1939
national anthem in 1931, and prohibition came to an end in 1933. Between 1932 and 1934, Bonnie and Clyde, the infamous crime couple, terrorized the Midwest in a frenzied spree of robbery and murder. 

In England, Edward VIII abdicated the throne in 1936 in favor of an American divorcée. Elsewhere in Europe, Hitler and his Nazi party were gearing up to throw the world into chaos and war, while the United States attempted to remain neutral on these affairs.

At home, FDR came up with the "New Deal" that would enact measures for "relief, recovery and reform" in the face of the suffering that was ongoing due to the depression. These represented the first time that the federal government had undertaken such sweeping programs which affected all Americans, and were more than controversial at the time. The age of big government was born, yet the suffering continued to the end of the decade and beyond.


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